As in past units, I included a foam map. Most of the major cities of Egypt are along the Nile river, as most of the county is desert. It’s a great visual to see the land mass shape these countries include as well as see where the different towns/cities are in relationship to each other.
First we cut out our map and then added our map tags. You can download both HERE.
I used map pins to secure them to our little foam outline.
My daughter can’t read yet, but she had a blast pointing out the different tags and sounding out funny sounding words (with a lot of help from me).
Marsa Matruh – is a resort town on Egypt’s Mediterranean coast, known for its lagoons and white-sand beaches. It’s on a large bay, with the resort stretching along the shore. West of the town, Cleopatra’s Beach is surrounded by rocks, creating a natural pool called Cleopatra’s Bath. Near Rommel’s Beach is the Rommel Museum, with memorabilia and maps, in caves that served as the German WWII commander’s headquarters. Population: >68,000.
Alexandria – Alexandria is a Mediterranean port city in Egypt. It is ranked among the Seven Wonders of the Ancient world, and was home to a storied library. Today the library is reincarnated in the disc-shaped, ultramodern Bibliotheca Alexandrina. The city also has Greco-Roman landmarks, old-world cafes and sandy beaches. Its 15th-century seafront Qaitbay Citadel is now a museum. Population: 5.2 Million.
Tanta – Tanta is a large city in Egypt. It is the country’s fifth largest populated area, and is located between Cairo and Alexandria. The capital of Gharbia Governorate, it is a center for the cotton-ginning industry. Population: >650,000.
Cairo – is Egypt’s sprawling capital, set on the Nile River. At its heart is Tahrir Square and the vast Egyptian Museum, a trove of antiquities including royal mummies and gilded King Tutankhamun artifacts. Nearby, Giza is the site of the iconic pyramids and Great Sphinx. Population: 9.5 Million.
Giza – located on the west bank of the Nile, near Cairo. The Giza Plateau is home to iconic Egyptian monuments, including three tall pyramids built as royal mausoleums. The largest, the Great Pyramid, is King Khufu’s tomb. The Great Sphinx is a vast sculpture of a man’s head on a lion’s body. The Solar Boat Museum displays a restored cedar barge found buried near the Great Pyramid. Population: 8.8 Million.
Asyut – is the capital of the modern Asyut Governorate in Egypt, which has one of the largest Coptic Catholic bishopric churches in the country; the ancient city of the same name, which is situated nearby. Population: >380,000.
Luxor – is a city on the east bank of the Nile River in southern Egypt. It’s on the site of ancient Thebes, the pharaohs’ capital at the height of their power, during the 16th–11th centuries B.C. Today’s city surrounds two huge, surviving ancient monuments – the graceful Luxor Temple and Karnak Temple. The royal tombs of the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens are on the river’s west bank. Population: >500,000.
Aswan – a city on the Nile River, has been southern Egypt’s strategic and commercial gateway since antiquity. It contains significant archaeological sites like the Philae temple complex, on Agilkia Island near the landmark Aswan Dam. Philae’s ruins include the columned Temple of Isis, dating to the 4th century B.C. Downriver, Elephantine Island holds the Temple of Khnum, from the Third Dynasty. Population: >290,000.
How fun to learn the geography of another country!