Ancient EGYPT Unit Study: Montessori 3-Part Matching Cards

My girls really enjoy the matching cards I have made over the past year for my unit studies, and I decided to switch it up a bit this month and focus more on ancient Egypt instead of strictly indigenous fauna. Safari Ltd. makes an amazing TOOB of miniatures for Ancient Egyptian artifacts, so I felt this was perfect for this activity. You can buy yours on Amazon.

You can download my FREE Montessori-Inspired matching cards HERE.

Queen Nefertiti – The Nefertiti Bust is a painted stucco-coated limestone bust of Nefertiti, the Great Royal Wife of the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten. The work is believed to have been crafted in 1345 B.C. by the sculptor Thutmose, because it was found in his workshop in Amarna, Egypt. It is one of the most copied works of ancient Egypt.

Bastet – was a goddess of ancient Egyptian religion, worshiped as far back as historical records can support. Bastet was originally a lioness goddess, a role shared by other deities such as Sekhmet. Eventually Bastet and Sekhmet were characterized as two aspects of the same goddess, with Sekhmet representing the powerful warrior and protector aspect and Bastet, who increasingly was depicted as a cat, representing a gentler aspect.

Thoth – was an Egyptian deity, and played many vital and prominent roles in Egyptian mythology, such as maintaining the universe, and being one of the two deities who stood on either side of Ra’s solar barge. In the later history, Thoth became heavily associated with the arbitration of godly disputes, the arts of magic, the system of writing, the development of science, and the judgment of the dead.

Sarcophagus – A sarcophagus (plural sarcophagi) is a box-like funeral receptacle for a corpse, most commonly carved in stone, and usually displayed above ground, though it may also be buried. Sarcophagi were most often designed to remain above ground. In Ancient Egypt, a sarcophagus acted like an outer shell.

Sa-Ra – An Egyptian language hieroglyph block, meaning Pharaoh: “Son of the Sun (Ra god)” Raw was the ancient Egyptian deity of the sun, and was portrayed as a falcon and shared characteristics with the sky god Horus. At times the two deities were merged as Ra-Horakhty, “Ra, who is Horus of the Two Horizons”. In the New Kingdom, when the god Amun rose to prominence he was fused with Ra into Amun-Ra.

Pyramids of Giza – Traditionally one of the most recognized areas of Egypt, the Giza pyramid complex, includes the Great Pyramid of Giza, the Pyramid of Khafre, and the Pyramid of Menkaure, along with their associated pyramid complexes and the Great Sphinx of Giza. All were built during the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt. The site also includes several cemeteries and the remains of a workers’ village.

Isis – was the daughter of the earth god Geb and the sky goddess Nut and the sister of the deities Osiris, Seth, and Nephthys. She was also wife to Osiris, god of the underworld, and bore him a son, Horus. She was not only worshipped in Egypt, but from England to Afghanistan.

Anubis – is the god of death, mummification, embalming, the afterlife, cemeteries, tombs, and the Underworld, in ancient Egyptian religion, usually depicted as a canine or a man with a canine head. Archeologists have identified Anubis’s sacred animal as an Egyptian canid, the African golden wolf.

Amulet of Anubis – It was common in ancient Egypt to include a small amulet of the god Anubis in the mummy’s funeral belongings. As god of embalming, Anubis was appropriate protector of the dead, and such figures are common in Late Period sets of funerary amulets.

Tutankhamun’s Funeral Mask – is a gold mask of the 18th-dynasty ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Tut who reigned 1332–1323 BC. It now is displayed in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. The mask is one of the best-known works of art in the world. It weighs over 22 pounds and is decorated with semi-precious stones. An ancient spell from the Book of the Dead is inscribed in hieroglyphs on the mask’s shoulders.

Scarab – Scarabs were popular amulets and impression seals in Ancient Egypt. They survive in large numbers and, through their inscriptions and typology, they are an important source of information for archaeologists and historians of the ancient world. They also represent a significant body of ancient art.

Great Sphinx of Giza – commonly referred just the Sphinx, is a limestone statue of a reclining sphinx, a mythical creature with the body of a lion and the head of a human. Facing directly from West to East, it stands on the Giza Plateau on the west bank of the Nile in Giza, Egypt. It is the oldest known monumental sculpture in Egypt and is commonly believed to have been built by ancient Egyptians of the Old Kingdom during the reign of the pharaoh Khafre (c. 2558–2532 BC).

I laminated my cards so they would stand up to little fingers.

I wanted to make this activity a little different this month, so I made a batch of sand playdough – here is the recipe I used:

SAND PLAYDOUGH

  • 1 Cup Wheat Flour
  • 1/3 cup Salt
  • 2 tsp. Cream of Tartar
  • 1 Tbs. Oil
  • 1 Cup Water
  • 1/2 Cup Fine Sand

Mix all the ingredients EXCEPT the sand in a saucepan over medium heat. Make sure everything is mixed well before turning on heat; I like to use a cake mixer to make sure everything is super soft. Mix over medium heat until the mixture turns harder and playdough like. Knead for a minute or two and add sand.

I made two batches of this recipe and covered all my miniatures and gave my girls little tools to “excavate” their archeological finds. The little tools are just hand gardening tools that you can buy here on Amazon.

My girls absolutely loved this! as they pulled out their finds, we matched them to the corresponding cards.

We talked about how these artifacts tell us about how life was like for the ancient Egyptians and that these artifacts are important to learning about their culture.

The girls spent about an hour covering up the little miniatures and digging them out again. I have to say this activity was a major win. 🙂

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